Morris, H.R. et al: Isolation and Characterisation of Human Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP). Nature 308, 746-748 (1984)


The effect of human alpha-calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and sodium nitroprusside have been measured on human isolated mesenteric vasculature and on rings of human superior mesenteric artery and saphenous vein. 2. When noradrenaline (10(-5) M) was used as the vasoconstrictor in preparations perfused with Krebs solution at constant flow, human alpha-CGRP was 10 times more potent than sodium nitroprusside in evoking dose-dependent falls in perfusion pressure. 3. Human alpha-CGRP and sodium nitroprusside were about equipotent at relaxing rings of superior mesenteric artery contracted by noradrenaline (10(-6) M). When the tone of saphenous vein rings was raised by noradrenaline (10(-6) M), human alpha-CGRP did not relax the vascular smooth muscle. 4. The results show that human alpha-CGRP is a potent vasodilator in human arterial preparations and may act preferentially on arterioles rather than large arteries.

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